People and Society

Ethnic groups:

Kinh (Viet) 85.7%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.8%, Muong 1.5%, Khmer 1.5%, Mong 1.2%, Nung 1.1%, Hoa 1%, other 4.3% (2009 est.)

Languages:

Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer, mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)

Religions:

Buddhist 7.9%, Catholic 6.6%, Hoa Hao 1.7%, Cao Dai 0.9%, Protestant 0.9%, Muslim 0.1%, none 81.8% (2009 est.)

Population:

94,348,835 (July 2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 15

Age structure:

0-14 years: 24.1% (male 11,948,130/female 10,786,381)
15-24 years: 17.22% (male 8,411,108/female 7,833,327)
25-54 years: 45.05% (male 21,358,647/female 21,145,416)
55-64 years: 7.81% (male 3,376,706/female 3,995,035)
65 years and over: 5.82% (male 2,115,057/female 3,379,028) (2015 est.)

Dependency ratios:

total dependency ratio: 42.5%
youth dependency ratio: 32.9%
elderly dependency ratio: 9.6%
potential support ratio: 10.4% (2015 est.)

Median age:

total: 29.6 years
male: 28.5 years
female: 30.7 years (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 116

Birth rate:

15.96 births/1,000 population (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 121

Death rate:

5.93 deaths/1,000 population (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 169

Urbanization:

urban population: 33.6% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.95% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas – population:

Ho Chi Minh City 7.298 million; HANOI (capital) 3.629 million; Can Tho 1.175 million; Haiphong 1.075 million; Da Nang 952,000; Bien Hoa 834,000 (2015)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.11 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.63 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2015 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:

54 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 101

Infant mortality rate:

total: 18.39 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 18.75 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 17.99 deaths/1,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 96

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 73.16 years
male: 70.69 years
female: 75.9 years (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 132

Total fertility rate:

1.83 children born/woman (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 147

Health expenditures:

6% of GDP (2013)
country comparison to the world: 92

Education expenditures:

6.3% of GDP (2012)
country comparison to the world: 33

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.5%
male: 96.3%
female: 92.8% (2015 est.)

Source: CIA, World Bank